Spine surgery: Types, Recovery, Risks and Exercise

spine surgery

The surgery is done to correct the spinal pathologies that can lead to pain. Majorly, it is used to relieve the pain. Back pain can occur due to the compression of the nerve within the spine. Therefore, you can consult with the doctor at Orthopedic Hospital in Kota for the treatment. In this article, you will know about types of spine surgery, recovery, risks, and exercise.

Types of Spine Surgery

Spinal Fusion

The surgery is most commonly performed for nonspecific chronic back pain. The surgeon joins the spinal bones together called vertebrates. It reduces the movement between them and limits how far your nerves will stretch.

Spinal Laminectomy

It is performed for lumbar spine stenosis. The procedure involves the removal of bones ligaments from the back and relieves pressure on the spinal nerves. It can alleviate pain or weakness and make your spine more stable.

Foraminotomy

The procedure is performed to relieve the pain caused by a compressed nerve in your spine. The surgeon will remove bone from your vertebrae to increase the space for nerve exits from your spine. The extra space may alleviate nerve pressure and reduce pain. This procedure is similar to a laminectomy can make your spine unstable. The surgeon might also perform a spinal fusion, which will increase your recovery time.

Disk replacement

The surgeon will remove the injured spinal disk and place an artificial one between your vertebrae. It allows you to continue moving your spine, unlike fusion. The recovery time for spinal fusion may be quicker than this procedure. There is a possibility that the new disk may slip or fall out of its place, and this will need to be repaired.

Interlaminar Implant

This procedure is an alternative to laminectomy or laminectomy plus surgery. A U-shaped device is placed between the lower back vertebrae by the surgeon. It helps keep the space between your vertebrae open and reduces the pressure on the spinal cords. It can be done simultaneously with a laminectomy. The implant is stable and allows you to move your back as usual. The area may limit your ability to bend backward easily.

Nucleoplasty

It uses radiofrequency energy to treat low back pain caused by a mildly herniated disc. The surgeon inserts a needle into the disk. Also, the plasma laser device is inserted into the hand after heating the tip. This creates a field that vaporizes the tissue into the disk. It also reduces the size and relieves pressure on the nerves.

 

Recovery After the Spine Surgery

The recovery time for back surgery depends on the procedure, and the recovery process after discectomy takes between 6 to 8 weeks. However, it takes longer to recover from laminectomy and fusion surgery. These surgeries are more complex and can take as long as twelve weeks for your body to heal. Sometimes healing can last for up to a year. If you had a spinal fusion, you might be out of work for up to six weeks. This is assuming you are healthy and not too strenuous. Older patients who have had more extensive surgery may take up to six months to return to work. The type of back surgery you have will not affect the recovery time. Your age, pre-surgery fitness, and severity of your condition all play a role.

 

Risks After Spine Surgery

Spine surgery is performed closer to the nervous system. It can pose higher risks than other types of surgery. Paralysis and infections are the most severe risks. After a successful operation, recovery can take time to become better than earlier. It depends on the type and condition of the surgery. Healing can take several months. You may also lose some mobility permanently.

 

Exercise After Spine Surgery

Abdominal Contraction

Place your hands below your ribs and knees on your back. Now, to squeeze your ribs towards the back, you can tighten your abdominal muscles. Also, do not hold your breath. Please keep it for 5 seconds. After that do relax. Then again, repeat the process ten times.

Wall Squats

Keep your back against the wall and stand. Now, keep your feet twelve inches in front of your body. Also, maintain abdominal muscles tight and slowly bend both knees until they reach 45 degrees. Please keep it for 5 seconds. Then, slowly return to a straight position. You can repeat this process ten times.

Lying on Floor with swiss ball

You can place your calves on a ball and bend your knees so that you lie on your back. Now, slowly raise your arm above your head and lower it, alternately on the right and left. Then, slowly straighten your knees and relax. Again, slowly straighten your knee and lift the opposite arm above your head. Alternate between the opposite arms and legs. After that, play with the ball backward and forwards with legs.

Sitting on Ball

Firstly, place your feet on the floor and sit on a ball. Now, slowly raise your arm above your head and lower it, alternately on the right and left. Again, slowly elevate and lower your heel, alternately on the right and left. Therefore, slowly lift one heel and raise the opposite arm above your head. Alternate the contrasting heel and arm. After that, slowly lift one foot 2 inches off the floor. Also, do right and left sides.

Conclusion

In this article, you have learned about the types of spin surgery, recovery, risks, and exercises. When the spine is damaged, spine surgery relieves back pain. Also, you can do exercise after the spine surgery that helps to get fit faster.

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